The primary difference between SWIR (Short Wave Infrared) and MWIR (Mid Wave Infrared) camera modules lies in the infrared spectrum range they operate in and the specific applications they are suited for.

1. Infrared Spectrum Range:

   - swir camera module: These modules operate in the shorter wavelengths of the infrared spectrum, typically ranging from 900 nm to 1700 nm. They capture images in the near-infrared region.

   - MWIR camera modules: These modules operate in the mid-range wavelengths of the infrared spectrum, typically ranging from 3 μm to 5 μm. They capture images in the mid-infrared region.

2. Sensitivity to Thermal Radiation:

   - SWIR camera modules: They have lower sensitivity to thermal radiation as they operate in the near-infrared region of the spectrum. They are often used for applications like material identification, moisture inspection, and semiconductor inspection.

   - MWIR camera modules: MWIR camera core modules have higher sensitivity to thermal radiation emitted by objects, making them useful in applications like night vision, surveillance, and thermal imaging.

3. Penetration and Material Transmission:

   - SWIR camera modules: SWIR light can penetrate certain materials like glass, plastic, and thin coatings, allowing imaging through these materials.

   - MWIR camera modules: MWIR light can also penetrate certain materials but is more easily absorbed by water vapor and atmospheric gases, limiting its transmission through the atmosphere.

4. Image Quality and Clarity:

   - SWIR camera modules: These modules typically provide high-resolution images with good clarity. However, the contrast may be comparatively lower than MWIR camera modules.

   - MWIR camera modules: MWIR camera modules provide high-quality images with better contrast, making them effective in various applications where image detail and accuracy are crucial.

5. Cost and Availability:

   - SWIR camera modules: SWIR camera modules often tend to be more expensive than MWIR camera modules due to the complexity of the sensors and their production costs. However, prices are gradually reducing with advancing technology.

   - MWIR camera modules: MWIR camera modules are more commonly available in a wider range of options at various price points.

It is worth noting that the specific characteristics and capabilities of SWIR and MWIR camera modules may vary depending on the manufacturers and specific infrared camera module. Therefore, it is advisable to refer to the specifications provided by the module manufacturer for detailed information.